- Caries and periodontal diseases are the commonest human diseases - and both are preventable.
- The burden of these diseases is high and is increasing as the population ages.
- Dental professionals should be consulted regularly to prevent and treat caries and periodontal diseases effectively.
- Bleeding gums are not normal. Dental professionals should be consulted immediately.
- The oral healthcare team can advise on weight loss, smoking cessation, exercise, and controlling diabetes and glycaemia in general.
- Periodontal disease should be seen as an indicator of general health issues.
- Education for oral health should target children, mothers to be, new mothers, care home workers, and other caregivers.
- Oral health status in older individuals is influenced by their level of dependence, rather
than by their chronological age.
- Reducing sugar and starch intake levels and frequency is important in preventing periodontal disease and caries. Intake should be limited to mealtimes.
- Brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste is essential and can also be supplemented with additional effective agents that reduce plaque, such as those found in mouthwash and toothpastes.