Prof Istvan Gera
Dpt Perio, Semmelweis University- Szentkiralyi u 47 Budapest H 1088
The Hungarian Society of Periodontology was registered as a independent non profit scientific organisation by the Budapest Court of Justice in 1995. Nevertheless its history is dating back to the 70-es when Prof. Kornelia Sallay the first professor of periodontology in Hungary founded the Periodontal Section of the Hungarian Dental Association.
The Hungarian Dental Association is a scientific organizationand established in 1885 has had several professional societies : Hungarian Society of Periodontology, Orthodontic and paedodontic Society, Hungarian Society of Implantology, Prosthodontic Society, Assotiation for Preventive Dentistry Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, Society of Dento-maxillofacial Radiology, Endodontic Society. The Periodontal Section had had approx. 130 voluntary members and organised several national and two successful international meetings during the 70-es and 80-es and early 90-es. Then we established close collaboration with the East German, Polish and Czech societies and also had professional connection to the West.. Now mostly all professional societies are independent court registered organizations and now the Hungarian Dental Association is rather a federation of those societies.
Since 1995 the Hungarian Periodontal Society has its own bank account, VAT number and accountant. In 1996 our society applied for an associate membership at the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP). The HSP is still has an associate membership status in EFP although it meets all the requirements for the full membership.
Specialist training in Hungary
Until 2004, upon qualification, there was a programme of mandatory vocational postgraduate residency training for 26 months, under the guidance of a skilled dentist and based on a government decree. The programme was organised by the Universities/Dental Schools and was totally financed by the Ministry of Health, which paid the salaries. Residents, known as Központi gyakornok, needed to hold Hungarian citizenship. The residents were mainly employed in the public sector. The program consisted of a theoretical part which covers all fields of dentistry including practice management, legal requirements and first aid and a practical part undertaken either at the University clinics or in other polyclinics accredited by the University. The residents worked under the supervision of a tutor and the whole program was supervised and coordinated by mentors appointed by the Dental Schools. This vocational training was compulsory for all graduates, including those of other EU countries’ dental schools. However, changes to the law abolished the mandatory general dentistry residency programme, giving full access to liberal private practice, from 2004. All dental graduates have all the rights for free practice after graduation. Five speciality programmes were introduced as first specializations: Conservative dentistry and Prosthodontics, Dentoalveolar surgery, Orthodontics, Periodontontics and Paedodontics.
Specialist Training takes place in universities and is 3 years for all specialties. A special committee is responsible for this training.
The five recognised specialties for training in Hungary:
The undergraduate periodontal training is dating back to the mid 50-es. In the beginning Periodontology was a two semester subject combined with oral medicine, including theoretical lectures and chairside practices. Now Periodontology is a four semester subject during the 4th and fifth years. The graduates must have full competence in diagnosing and treating gingivitis and mild to moderate chronic periodontitis.
The three year postgraduate speciality programme was accredited in 2000. From that time on there is a government recognized three year residency programme. Before joining the EU it is because of a two year vocationa dental training programme finished with a licence exam periodontal specialisation was a second speciality. With joining the EU the Hungarian D.M.D. degree granted full competence and licence to practice independently and the mandatory two year vocation licence training program was abolished. From 2005. Periodontology is a first dental speciality one of the recognised 5 specialiteis in
The periodontal residents have their own training programme. The majority of the training is taking place at the periodontal departments of the four Hungarian dental schools. The largest periodontal department is located at Semmelweis University in Budapest. This department has a total of 35 dental unites. 18 units are for the undergraduate training and 17 serves the faculty practice and residency programme.
Since 2000 45 periodontist passed the speciality exams and received their certificate as certified periodontist. As the majority of periodontal non-surgical and surgical therapy is fully covered by the Hungarian Health Insurance Fund our periodontal specialists can make a contract with the Health Insurance to treat insured patients. Currently in the periodontal residency programmes at the four universities some 23 1st, 2nd and 3dr year residents works and gets clinical training and theoretical instruction. Each resident has its own tutor. There are a few extramural accredited periodontal practices where our residents can do their clinical practice under the supervision of their accredited tutor. In those cases also a qualified professor or associate professor from one of the university delegated as a supervisor (mentor) of the training, In those cases a mandatory 6 months period should be spent at university periodontal clinics. During the first year the periodontal residents should participate in a rotation programme, including oral surgery, orthodontics, prosthodontics oral diagnostics and emergency room.
The periodontal research activity is internationally recognized . In the past 12 years more then 30 peer reviewed papers were published by the faculty members and PhD students from the Semmelweis University, and several papers from Szeged University. We have had very fruitful professional collaboration with several European and American universities.
Hygienists are permitted to work in Hungary, provided they have a Certificate. They train in one of 7 State financed schools specifically for dental hygienists, for one year, following two year’s training as a dental assistant.
The Hungarian Society of Periodontology has
Hungarian Society of Periodontology Board
President: Peter Windisch , D.M.D. Ph.D.
Semmelweis University Department of Periodontology