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19 January 2022

Latest EuroPerio Series session explored challenge posed by peri-implantitis

Categories: Clinical Practice, EuroPerio

Latest EuroPerio Series session explored challenge posed by peri-implantitis

The session, “Peri-Implant diseases – the Scandinavian connection: What is new in the surgical management of peri-implantitis?”, featured contributions from five leading periodontists who explored aspects ranging from general concepts in treating periodontitis to the specifics of access flaps, reconstructive therapy, and implant-surface decontamination.

Introducing the session, Tord Berglundh, professor of periodontology at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg in Sweden, noted how when he started to practise dentistry 43 years ago “nobody knew anything about peri-implantitis: there was no disease entity discussed in the undergraduate training programme or in my years in the dental clinic.”

Since “a new disease entity” first appeared in papers from the end of the 1980s, “peri-implantitis has become recognised as a global problem, as a well-established problem in dentistry,” said Prof Berglundh, who was a co-chair of the working group on peri-implantitis at the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-implant Diseases and Conditions and author of the EFP’s guidance note on peri-implant health, peri-implant mucositis, and peri-implantitis.

He emphasised that while peri-implantitis around implants was the counterpart of periodontitis around teeth, there were significant differences between the diseases which were important when discussing how to manage peri-implantitis. While inflammation is involved in both periodontitis and peri-implantitis – as a response to the accumulation of bacteria on the tooth or implant – the disease progression of peri-implantitis is usually much faster than periodontitis and peri-implantitis lesions are is often much larger than those involved in periodontitis.

EFP president-elect Andreas Stavropoulos discussed general concepts and features that clinicians should be aware of before starting to treat peri-implantitis.

'Don’t wait to deliver proper treatment'

Highlighting the high proportion of implants that suffer from peri-implantitis – more than one in five – and the rapid disease progression, Prof Stavropoulos (professor of periodontology at Malmö University in Sweden) stressed that it was important to act immediately: “So, don’t wait to deliver proper treatment upon diagnosis.”

He emphasised treating the cause of the disease – the accumulation of pathogens on the implant surface – and the reduction of risk factors such as smoking and periodontitis (the implant failure rate is double in patients with a history of periodontitis). Patients needed to be adept in performing oral hygiene and motivated, he said, and “you cannot take care of peri-implantitis without taking care of what is happening in the rest of the mouth and the rest of the teeth.”

Lisa Heitz-Mayfield, who trained in Sweden and is currently a university teacher at the University of Western Australia and the University of Sydney, Australia, and editor-in-chief of Clinical Oral Implants Research, took up the story and explained access-flap surgical treatment of peri-implantitis and subsequent maintenance.

Jan Derks, a specialist in periodontics in private practice in Gothenburg, Sweden, and an associate professor at the Sahlgrenska Academy, outlined reconstructive surgery to treat peri-implantitis.

And the final speaker in this EuroPerio Series session was Frank Schwarz, professor and chair of the Department of Oral Surgery and Implantology at Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University of Frankfurt in Germany, who highlighted techniques for decontaminating implant surfaces.

All five participants in this latest EuroPerio Series session will be speaking at EuroPerio10 in Copenhagen in June 2022:

  • Tord Berglundh will speak on “The value of clinical diagnosis” in Management of peri-implant diseases: from diagnosis to long-term management (Friday, June 17, 16.30-18.00).
  • Andreas Stavropoulos will introduce the Joint EFP/Osteology Foundation session (Wednesday, June 15, 13.30-15.00) and Implant therapy step by step around the world (Wednesday, June 15, 15.15-16.45), and will also chair Live surgery – hard tissues around implants (Friday, June 17, 08.30-10.00).
  • Lisa Heitz-Mayfield will speak in the Periodontal therapy step by step around the world (Wednesday, June 15, 13.30-15.00).
  • Jan Derks will ask “Is it possible to prevent peri-implant disease” in Management of peri-implant diseases: from diagnosis to long-term management (Friday, June 17, 16.30-18.00).
  • Frank Schwarz will talk about reconstructive approaches in Surgical therapy of peri-implantitis: influence of different treatment approaches in the treatment outcome (Thursday, June 16, 16:30-18.00).

Next EuroPerio Series session: Personalised medicine

The sixth session in the EuroPerio Series is scheduled to take place on Monday, February 14from 18.00 to 20.00, devoted personalised medicine. Chaired by Bruno Loos (Netherlands), it will feature contributions from Niki Moutsopoulos (USA) and Egija Zaura (Netherlands).

Registration for the session is €35 but access is free for people who have previously registered for EuroPerio10.

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